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Alexander Calder

American, 1898-1976

Biography

Alexander Calder

  • (1898-1976)

    Born in 1898, Lawnton, Pennsylvania
    Died in 1976, New York, New York

Selected Solo Exhibitions


  • For a comprehensive list of exhibitions and publications, see www.calder.org

    2023
    Calder/Tuttle: Tentative, Pace Gallery, Los Angeles, US
    Calder: In Motion, The Shirley Family Collection, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, US
    Spotlight: Alexander Calder, Mobile Museum of Art, Alabama, US
    Alexander Calder: Shaping a Primary Universe, Heather James Fine Art, California, US
    Alexander Calder: A Balancing Line, Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art, Porto, Portugal
    CALDER, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea
    Alexander Calder: Collaborative Creations, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, US

    2022
    Calder: Unfolding, Almine Rech, Paris, France
    Alexander Calder: A Universe of Painting, Heather James Fine Art, California, US
    Alexander Calder: Painting the Cosmos, Heather James Fine Art, California, US
    Calder: Gouaches, Opera Gallery, Geneva, Switzerland
    Intricate: Calder and the Poetry of Science, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Illinois, US

    2021
    Dissonant Harmony, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, US
    Alexander Calder: Modern from the Start, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
    Alexander Calder: Minimal / Maximal, Neue Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany
    Calder: Great Yellow Sun, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Israel
    Special Guest: Calder BMW Car, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, US
    Calder Now, Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Calder Tower, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC, US (permanent exhibition)
    Calder Hillside, Storm King Art Center, New Windsor, US (permanent exhibition)
    Calder Gallery, Palazzo Collicola - Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Spoleto, Italy (permanent exhibition)

    2020
    Calder from the Collection, Neuberger Museum of Art, State University of New York, New York, US

    2019
    Alexander Calder: Radical Inventor, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Elemental Calder, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, US
    Alexander Calder: Pour La Grande Vitesse and other Works on Paper, Grand Rapids Art Museum, Michigan, US
    Calder on Paper, K Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea
    Alexander Calder: The Magic of a Sculptural Movement, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia
    Calder Stories, Centro Botin, Santander, Spain
    Alexander Calder: Pour La Grande Vitesse and Other Works on Paper, Grand Rapids, Art Museum, Michigan, US

    2018
    Alexander Calder: Theater of Encounters, Fundación Proa, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Alexander Calder: Radical Inventor, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Quebec, Canada
    I mondi di Calder: Opere, tracce e memorie di un grande artista a Spoleto, Palazzo Medici Riccard, Florence, Italy

    2017
    Calder: Hypermobility, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, US
    Calder: Forgeron des géantes libellules, Musée Soulages, Rodez, France
    Alexander Calder: Scaling Up, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, US
    An Outburst of Color, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, US
    Alexander Calder: La Gouacherie, Musée Zervos, Vézelay, France
    Calder: Monumental, Denver Botanic Gardens, Denver, US

    2016
    Alexander Calder: Motion Lab, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, US

    2015
    Calder: Discipline of the Dance, Museo Jumex, Mexico City, Mexico
    Alexander Calder: Retrospective, Pushkin Museum, Moscow, Russia
    Alexander Calder: Performing Sculpture, Tate Modern, London, UK
    Frammenti Expo 1967: Alexander Calder e Emilio Vedova, Fondazione Emilio e Annabianca Vedova, Venice, Italy

    2014
    Alexander Calder at the Rijksmuseum, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Calder: Jewelry, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea
    Ugo Mulas "Circus Calder", Kunst Meran/Merano Arte, Merano, Italy

    2013
    Calder, Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea
    Alexander Calder: Avant-Garde in Motion, Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany
    Calder and Abstraction: From Avant-Garde to Iconic, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California, US

    2012
    Alexander Calder: De grote ontdekking, Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Calder Noir, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea

    2011
    Calder's Portraits: A New Language, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., US

    2009
    Alexander Calder: A Balancing Act, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, US
    Calder: Sculptor of Air, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, Italy

    2008
    Calder Jewelry, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, US
    Alexandre Calder en Touraine, Château de Tours, France
    Alexander Calder: The Paris Years, 1926–1933, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, US

    2006
    Calder no Brasil, Pinacoteca do Estato de São Paulo, Brazil

    2005
    The Surreal Calder, Menil Collection, Houston, US

    2004
    Calder: Poetry in Motion, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea

    2003
    Calder: Gravedad y la Gracia, Fundación del Museo Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain

    2001
    Grand Intuitions: Calder’s Monumental Sculpture, Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, New York, US

    2000
    Calder in Connecticut, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut, US
    Alexander Calder: Motion and Color, Iwaki City Art Museum, Japan

    1998
    Alexander Calder: 1898–1976, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., US

    1997
    Flying Colors: The Innovation and Artistry of Alexander Calder, San Jose Museum of Art, California, US
    Calder, Fundacío Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain

    1995
    Alexander Calder: Retrospective, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark

    1993
    Calder: Mobiles, stabiles, gouaches, bijoux . . ., Musée Picasso, Château Grimaldi, Antibes, France

    1991
    Celebrating Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, US

    1989
    Calder Intime, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France

    1986
    Alexander Calder: An American Invention, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, US

    1983
    Calder: Mostra retrospettiva, Palazzo a Vela, Turin, Italy

    1976
    Calder's Universe, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, US

    1975
    Calder, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany

    1974
    Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition, Work from 1925–1974, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Illinois, US

    1973
    Alexander Calder: Retrospektive, Galerie Maeght, Zurich, Switzerland

    1972
    Calder's Circus, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, US

    1970
    A Salute to Alexander Calder, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US

    1969
    Calder, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France

    1967
    Calder: 19 Gifts from the Artist, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US

    1964
    Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, US

    1962
    Alexander Calder: Sculpture–Mobiles, Arts Council of Great Britain, Tate Gallery, London, UK

    1959
    Alexander Calder, Stabilen, Mobilen, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    1957
    Alexander Calder, Kunsthalle Basel, Basel, Switzerland

    1956
    Calder, Perls Galleries, New York, US

    1955
    Exposiciòn Calder, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

    1953
    Alexander Calder Mobiles, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, US
    II Bienal do Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo, Museu de Arte Moderna, São Paulo, Brazil

    1952
    Alexander Calder: Gongs and Towers, Curt Valentin Gallery, New York, US

    1950
    Calder: Mobiles & Stabiles, Galerie Maeght, Paris, France
    Calder, New Gallery, Charles Hayden Memorial Library, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, US

    1948
    Alexander Calder, Ministerio da Educaçao e Saude, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    1946
    Alexander Calder: Mobiles, Stabiles, Constellations, Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France

    1944
    Recent Work by Alexander Calder, Buchholz Gallery/Curt Valentin, New York, US

    1943
    17 Mobiles by Alexander Calder, Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts, US
    Alexander Calder: Sculptures and Constructions, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US

    1941
    Mobiles by Alexander Calder, Stabiles and Jewelry, San Francisco Museum of Art, California, US

    1940
    Calder Jewelry, Willard Gallery, New York, US

    1938
    Calder Mobiles, George Walter Vincent Smith Gallery, Springfield, Massachusetts, US

    1937
    Calder: Mobiles and Stabiles, The Mayor Gallery, London, UK

    1935
    Mobiles by Alexander Calder, The Renaissance Society at The University of Chicago, Illinois, US

    1934
    Mobiles by Alexander Calder, Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, US

    1932
    Calder: ses mobiles, Galerie Vignon, Paris, France
    Calder: Mobiles/Abstract Sculptures, Julien Levy Gallery, New York, US

    1931
    Alexandre Calder: Volumes–Vecteurs–Densités/Dessins–Portraits, Galerie Percier, Paris, France

    1929
    Sculptures bois et fil de fer de Alexander Calder, Galerie Billiet-Pierre Vorms, Paris, France
    Alexander Calder: Skulpturen aus Holz und aus Draht, Galerie Neumann-Nierendorf, Berlin, Germany
    Alexander Calder: Paintings, Wood Sculpture, Toys, Wire Sculpture, Jewelry, Textiles, Fifty-Sixth Street Galleries, New York, US

    1928
    Wire Sculpture by Alexander Calder, Weyhe Gallery, New York, US

    1927
    The Galleries of Jacques Seligmann and Company, Paris, France

Selected Group Exhibitions

  • 2023
    Shapes On Paper, Phillips Paris, Paris, France
    Uncanny Objects, Barbara Mathes Gallery, New York, US
    Vanuatu Totems & Calder Gouaches, Venus Over Manhattan, New York, US
    Connecticut Modern: Art, Design, and the Avant-Garde, 1930–1960, Bruce Museum, Connecticut, US
    Giacometti and the Artists of the Grande Chaumière, Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, North Carolina, US
    Mirrors of the Portrait, West Bund Museum, Shanghai, China
    Among Friends: The Generosity Of Judy And Ken Dayton, Walker Art Center, Minnesota, US
    Joan Miró & Alexander Calder: Space in Motion, Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art, Porto, Portugal
    Miró & Calder, Maruani Mercier, Knokke-Heist, Belgium
    From Crisis To Color: Derrière Le Miroir/Behind The Mirror, Mystic Museum of Art, Connecticut, US
    MOMAT Collection, The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan
    No Feeling is Final: The Skopje Solidarity Collection, Kunsthalle Wien, Museumsquartier, Vienna, Austria
    Decades: The Art of Change 1900–1980, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
    The Inner Island, Villa Carmignac, Hyères, France

    2022
    Pierre Matisse: An Art Dealer in New York, Musée Matisse, Nice, France
    Facing the Sun, Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris, France
    Friendships In Art: Collective Works, Mucem, Marseille, France
    Monochrome Multitudes, Smart Museum of Art, Chicago, US
    Calder + Miró, Casa Roberto Marinho, Brazil

    2021
    Picasso and Artist’s Jewelry, Museu Picasso, Barcelona, Spain
    Calder / Moore, Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York, US
    Mechanical and Technical Imaginaries in the IVAM Collection, Institut Valencia d’Art Modern, Valencia, Spain
    Calder-Picasso, de Young Museum, San Francisco, US
    Moving Vision, Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma, US

    2020
    Unfinished Business, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, US
    Disonata: Art in Sound up to 1980, Museo Nacional-Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
    Calder, Callahan, and the Intensified Image, Pace Gallery, New York, US

    2019
    The Shape of Time: Highlights from the Centre Pompidou Collection. Vol. 1, West Bund Museum, Shanghai, China
    Vis-à-vis III. Fernand Léger et ses ami.e.s, Musée National Fernand Léger, Biot, France
    Calder-Picasso, Musée national Picasso-Paris, Paris, France

    2018
    Dimensionism: Modern Art in the Age of Einstein, Berkeley Art Museum, University of California, US
    Selected Works by 20th Century Masters, Helly Nahmad Gallery, New York, US

    2017
    7 X SPACE X TIME, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, ‎Denmark

    2016
    Alexander Calder & Fischli/Weiss, Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel, Switzerland
    Calder and Brazilian Art, Itaú Cultural, São Paulo, Brazil

    2015
    Calder Lightness; Richard Tuttle Wire Pieces; Fred Sandback 64 Three–Part Pieces, Pulitzer Arts Foundation, St. Louis, Missouri, US
    Marvelous Objects: Surrealist Sculpture from Paris to New York, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C, US

    2013
    Le Surréalisme et l'objet, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

    2007
    Kukje Gallery: 25 Years, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea

    2004
    Calder–Miró, Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel, Switzerland

    1993
    Picasso and the Age of Iron, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, US

    1968
    The Machine as Seen at the End of the Mechanical Age, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US

    1953
    Alexander Calder: Mobiles/Naum Gabo: Kinetic Constructions and Constructions in Space, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, US

    1952
    XXVI Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy

    1949
    Third International Exhibition of Sculpture, Philadelphia Museum of Art in collaboration with Fairmount Park Art Association, Philadelphia, US

    1947
    Alexander Calder/Fernand Léger, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    1942
    First Papers of Surrealism, Coordinating Council of French Relief Societies, Whitelaw Reid Mansion, New York, US

    1936
    Cubism and Abstract Art, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
    Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
     

Selected Awards

  • 1977       
    Presidential Medal of Freedom
    The Goslar Kaiserring Award for Modern Art

    1975
    Honorary Fellow, Royal Academy of Fine Arts, The Hague
    United Nations Peace Medal

    1974
    Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur
    Citoyen d’Honneur, City of Saché
    Official Mayoral Decree of “Alexander Calder Day in Chicago” for 25 October; Honorary Citizen of Chicago
    Le Grand Prix National des Arts

    1971
    Gold Medal for Sculpture, American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Institute of Arts and Letters

    1970
    University of California, Honorary Doctorate
    University of Glasgow, Honorary Degree, Doctor of Laws

    1969
    Stevens Institute of Technology, Honorary Degree, Doctor of Engineering
    Key to the City of Grand Rapids, Michigan

    1966
    Harvard University, Honorary Degree, Doctor of Arts

    1964
    Elected to American Academy of Arts and Letters

    1963
    President’s Medal, The Art Directors Club of New York

    1962
    Art in America Annual Award for an Outstanding Contribution to American Art
    Creative Arts Awards, Sculpture Medal, Brandeis University

    1968
    Officier de la Légion d’honneur

    1961
    Fine Arts Gold Medal for Master of Sculpture, The American Institute of Architects

    1960
    Elected to National Institute of Arts and Letters
    Gold Medal of Honor in Sculpture, Architectural League of New York

    1952
    Grand Prize for Sculpture, XXVI Biennale di Venezia

Selected Public and Private Collections

  • Art Institute of Chicago
    University of California, Berkeley Art Museum & Pacific Film Archive
    Centre Pompidou, Musée national d'art moderne, Paris
    Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    Moderna Museet, Stockholm
    Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
    The Museum of Modern Art, New York
    National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
    Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
    Philadelphia Museum of Art
    Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul
    San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
    Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
    Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
    Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
    Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven
     

Selected Monographs

  • Sweeney, James Johnson. Alexander Calder. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1951.
    Calder, Alexander, and Jean Davidson, ed. Calder: An Autobiography with Pictures. New York: Pantheon Books, 1966. 
    Arnason, H. Harvard, and Pedro E. Guerrero. Calder. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1966.
    Calder, Alexander, James Johnson Sweeney, and Daniel Lelong. Calder, l'artiste et l'oeuvre. Archives Maeght, no. 1. Paris: Maeght Editeur, 1971.
    Arnason, H. Harvard, and Ugo Mulas. Calder. New York: Viking Press, 1971.
    Bruzeau, Maurice. Calder à Saché. Paris: Éditions Cercle d'Art, 1975. 
    Hayes, Margaret Calder. Three Alexander Calders, A Family Memoir. Middlebury, Vt.: Paul S. Eriksson, 1977.
    Pierre, Arnauld. Calder: La sculpture en mouvement. Paris: Découvertes Gallimard/Paris-Musées, 1996.
    Carandente, Giovanni. Teodelapio: Alexander Calder. Milan: Edizioni Charta, 1996.
    Rower, Alexander S. C. Calder Sculpture. New York: Universe, 1998.
    Guerrero, Pedro E. Calder at Home: The Joyous Environment of Alexander Calder. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1998.
    Stern, H. Peter, David R. Collens, and Alexander S. C. Rower. Calder: Storm King Art Center. Mountainville, N.Y.: Storm King Art Center, 2003.
    Calder Jewelry. Edited by Alexander S. C. Rower and Holton Rower. New York: Calder Foundation, 2007.
    Mulas, Ugo, Alexander Calder, and Giulio C. Argan. Ugo Mulas/Alexander Calder. Milan: Officina Libraria, 2008.
    Pierre, Arnauld. Calder: Mouvement et Réalité. Paris: Éditions Hazan, 2009.
    Calder by Matter. Edited by Alexander S. C. Rower. Paris: Cahiers d'Art, 2013.
    “Calder in France.” Cahiers d’Art, no. 1 (2015). Edited by Alexander S. C. Rower.
    Perl, Jed. Calder: The Conquest of Time: The Early Years: 1898–1940. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2017.
     

Works

Publications

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POETRY IN MOTION
POETRY IN MOTION

Selected Press

2021-07-06 The Atlanta Journal Constitution
2021-07-05 The Magazine Antiques
2021-04-00 The Brooklyn Rail
2021-02-18 The Atlanta Journal Constitution
2020-06-22 The New York Times
2015-10-00 TATE ETC.
2015-01-00 PUBLIC ART
2014-11-00 PUBLIC ART
2014-09-00 미술시대
2014-08-00 PRIVILEGE
2014-08-00 AVENUEL
2013-08-00 HEREN
칼더부터 이우환까지, 보이지 않는 세계   pdf Harper's Bazaar
Alexander Calder's mobiles form dialogue with Lee U-fan's stones at Kukje Gallery   pdf The Korea Times
이우환· 칼더 두 거장, 같은 공간 다른 울림   pdf 헤럴드경제
동서양 거장의 美, 동시에 품다   pdf 문화일보
칼더의 동적인 조각, 이우환의 정적인 작품 … 동서양의 '대화'   pdf 매일경제
See the Modernist Masterpieces That Have Returned to View at the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin After a Six-Year Hiatus for Renovation   pdf Artnet news
Calder and Picasso rarely spoke, but their art converses at the High   pdf The Atlanta Journal Constitution
Current and coming: High Time for Picasso and Calder   pdf The Magazine Antiques
Alexander Calder: Modern from the Start   pdf The Brooklyn Rail
Alexander Calder, MoMA's Household God, Still Holds Sway   pdf The New York Times
Calder and Picasso: 100 works from two giants coming to High Museum   pdf The Atlanta Journal Constitution
From Celine, a Pendant Designed by a Sculptor   pdf The New York Times
The Calder Mobiles that Asked to be Touched   pdf Art & Object
[정윤아의 ‘컬렉터의 마음을 훔친 세기의 작품들’] 칼더 | 바람 따라 춤추네…모빌 조각의 아버지   pdf 매경Economy
The Man Who Made Modern Art Move   pdf TATE ETC.
Cover Artist 100: Alexander Calder   pdf PUBLIC ART
Alexander Calder   pdf PUBLIC ART
알렉산더 칼더전   pdf 미술시대
ALEXANDER CALDER'S WEARABLE ART   pdf PRIVILEGE
Contemporary Art   pdf AVENUEL
[아트 갤러리] 알렉산더 칼더 '목걸이'   pdf 서울경제
[국제갤러리 ‘움직이는 작업’ 전시] 알렉산더 칼더 보석전   pdf 국민일보
착용 가능한 예술… ‘알렉산더 칼더’의 주얼리展   pdf 헤럴드경제
[박현주의 아트톡]'움직이는 조각 모빌' 칼더의 목걸이 브로치는 누가 살까?   pdf 아주경제
The Great Calder   pdf HEREN